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Advantages and disadvantages of living in a vertical city


WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Some people believe that authorities need to plan for more vertical cities with really tall buildings since our land for the expansion of cities is limited.

What are the advantages and disadvantages, in your opinion, of vertical cities that have really tall buildings and everything within these buildings?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Sample Answer:

In recent years, there has been a growing belief that authorities should consider planning for more vertical cities with really tall buildings, as the availability of land for the expansion of cities is becoming increasingly limited. While this concept presents several advantages, it also raises concerns and potential disadvantages that need to be carefully considered.

One of the main advantages of vertical cities with tall buildings is the efficient use of limited land. By building upwards rather than outwards, cities can accommodate a larger population and provide more living and working spaces without encroaching on valuable natural habitats or agricultural land. Additionally, vertical cities can lead to a more compact and interconnected urban environment, reducing the need for extensive transportation networks and promoting walkability.

Furthermore, tall buildings can offer breathtaking views and create iconic skylines that contribute to the identity and attractiveness of a city. They can also provide opportunities for sustainable design, incorporating energy-efficient technologies and green spaces within the buildings to reduce environmental impact.

However, there are also potential disadvantages to consider. One of the primary concerns is the impact of tall buildings on the surrounding infrastructure and environment. Increased population density and vertical expansion can put a strain on transportation systems, water and sewage networks, and public services. Moreover, tall buildings can cast shadows and create wind tunnels, affecting the microclimate and livability of the surrounding areas.

Another disadvantage is the potential social isolation and lack of community cohesion in vertical cities. With everything contained within tall buildings, there is a risk of disconnecting people from the street level and reducing opportunities for social interaction and public spaces. Additionally, the construction and maintenance of tall buildings can be costly, and there are safety and evacuation concerns in the event of emergencies or natural disasters.

In conclusion, while vertical cities with really tall buildings offer benefits such as efficient land use and iconic skylines, they also present challenges related to infrastructure, environment, social dynamics, and cost. Therefore, authorities should carefully weigh the advantages and disadvantages before pursuing such urban development strategies. It is essential to prioritize sustainability, livability, and community well-being in the planning and design of vertical cities.


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