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Attempts must be made to encourage people to use their cars less


WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

The rising levels of congestion and air pollution found in most of the world’s cities can be attributed directly to the rapidly increasing number of private cars in use. In order to reverse this decline in the quality of life in cities, attempts must be made to encourage people to use their cars less and public transport more. Discuss possible ways to encourage the use of public transport.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Sample Answer:

In today’s world, the proliferation of private cars has led to a myriad of problems, including congestion and air pollution in urban areas. To combat this issue and improve the quality of life in cities, it is imperative to promote the use of public transport over private vehicles. There are several strategies that can be employed to encourage individuals to opt for public transportation, and these will be discussed in this essay.

Firstly, one effective way to promote the use of public transport is to improve its accessibility and affordability. Governments and local authorities can invest in expanding and enhancing public transportation networks, making it more convenient for people to use. Additionally, offering subsidies or discounts for public transport tickets can make it a more cost-effective option compared to driving a private car. By making public transport more accessible and affordable, individuals may be more inclined to choose it as their primary mode of transportation.

Furthermore, raising awareness about the benefits of using public transport can also encourage its uptake. Educational campaigns can be launched to inform the public about the positive impact of using public transportation, such as reducing traffic congestion, lowering carbon emissions, and promoting a healthier lifestyle. By highlighting these advantages, individuals may be more motivated to make the switch from private cars to public transport.

In addition, implementing policies that discourage the use of private cars can also be effective. For example, congestion charges can be levied in city centers, making it more expensive for individuals to drive their cars in these areas. This can incentivize people to use public transport instead, as it becomes a more cost-effective and convenient option.

In conclusion, the rising levels of congestion and air pollution in cities can be addressed by promoting the use of public transport. By improving accessibility, raising awareness, and implementing policies that discourage the use of private cars, individuals can be encouraged to make the switch to public transportation, leading to a better quality of life in urban areas. It is essential for governments and local authorities to take proactive measures in order to achieve this goal.


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