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Development and rapid expansion of supermarkets


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Due to the development and rapid expansion of supermarkets in some countries, many small, local businesses are unable to compete. Some people think that the closure of local businesses will bring about the death of local communities. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In recent years, the rise of supermarkets has had a significant impact on small, local businesses in many countries. While some argue that the closure of these local businesses will lead to the demise of local communities, I believe that there are both positive and negative aspects to this issue.

On one hand, the closure of local businesses due to the competition from supermarkets can indeed have a detrimental effect on the fabric of local communities. Small businesses often serve as the heart of a community, providing a sense of familiarity and personal connection for residents. When these businesses close down, it can lead to a loss of community identity and a decrease in social interaction among residents. Furthermore, the closure of local businesses can also lead to a loss of employment opportunities for local residents, which can have a negative impact on the overall economic well-being of the community.

On the other hand, the development and expansion of supermarkets can bring about certain benefits for local communities. Supermarkets often provide a wider variety of products at lower prices, making it more convenient and affordable for residents to access essential goods. Additionally, supermarkets have the potential to create new job opportunities for local residents, albeit in a different capacity than the traditional small businesses. Furthermore, the presence of supermarkets can attract more consumers to the area, potentially boosting the overall economy of the community.

In conclusion, while the closure of local businesses due to the rise of supermarkets can have negative implications for local communities, it is not necessarily the death knell for these communities. It is important for governments and local authorities to find a balance between supporting small, local businesses and allowing for the development of supermarkets in order to ensure the continued vitality of local communities. By implementing policies that promote the coexistence of both types of businesses, it is possible to mitigate the potential negative effects and foster a thriving local economy.

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