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Fossil fuel is extensively used in many countries


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Fossil fuel, such as coal, oil and natural gas, is extensively used in many countries which causes harm to the environment. The use of alternative sources of energy, including wind and solar power, however, is being encouraged in many countries. Why the use of alternative sources of energy is being encouraged in many countries?

Is this a positive or a negative development?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In recent years, there has been a growing emphasis on the use of alternative sources of energy, such as wind and solar power, as a means of reducing the environmental impact of traditional fossil fuels like coal, oil, and natural gas. This shift towards alternative energy sources is being encouraged in many countries for several reasons.

First and foremost, the use of alternative energy sources is seen as a way to mitigate the harmful effects of fossil fuel consumption on the environment. The burning of fossil fuels releases greenhouse gases and other pollutants into the atmosphere, contributing to climate change and air pollution. In contrast, renewable energy sources like wind and solar power produce no harmful emissions, making them a much cleaner and more sustainable option.

Additionally, the development and use of alternative energy technologies can also lead to economic benefits. Investing in renewable energy infrastructure can create jobs and stimulate economic growth, while reducing dependence on imported fossil fuels can enhance energy security and stability. Furthermore, as the costs of renewable energy technologies continue to decline, they are becoming increasingly competitive with traditional energy sources, making them an attractive option for both consumers and businesses.

Overall, the encouragement of alternative sources of energy represents a positive development. By transitioning away from fossil fuels and towards renewable energy sources, countries can reduce their environmental impact, improve energy security, and stimulate economic growth. However, it is important to recognize that the widespread adoption of alternative energy sources will require significant investment in infrastructure and technology, as well as changes in policy and consumer behavior. Nevertheless, the long-term benefits of transitioning to a more sustainable energy system far outweigh the challenges and costs involved. Therefore, the encouragement of alternative sources of energy is a positive and necessary step towards a more sustainable and environmentally friendly future.

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