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Fresh water has always been a limited resource


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Fresh water has always been a limited resource in some parts of the world. Today, however, growing worldwide demand has made this a global problem. What are the causes of the increased demand?

What measures could governments and individuals take to respond to this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

Fresh water scarcity is a pressing issue that has been exacerbated by the growing global demand for this essential resource. There are several causes for the increased demand for fresh water, including population growth, industrialization, and climate change.

Firstly, the world’s population is steadily increasing, leading to a higher demand for fresh water for drinking, sanitation, and agriculture. As more people require access to clean water, the strain on existing water sources intensifies. Additionally, rapid industrialization has led to heightened water usage for manufacturing processes, energy production, and cooling systems. This has further contributed to the depletion of fresh water reserves. Moreover, the impacts of climate change, such as prolonged droughts and erratic precipitation patterns, have disrupted the natural water cycle, leading to water shortages in many regions.

To address this global problem, both governments and individuals can take proactive measures. Governments can implement policies and regulations to promote water conservation and efficient usage. This may include investing in water infrastructure, promoting sustainable agricultural practices, and enforcing water usage restrictions. Furthermore, governments can invest in research and technology to develop innovative solutions for water purification and desalination.

On an individual level, people can contribute to water conservation efforts by adopting water-saving habits in their daily lives. This can involve fixing leaky faucets, using water-efficient appliances, and reducing water waste. Additionally, individuals can support initiatives that aim to protect and preserve freshwater ecosystems, such as wetland restoration and watershed management.

In conclusion, the increased demand for fresh water is a global challenge that requires collective action. By implementing effective policies and embracing sustainable practices, governments and individuals can work together to ensure the availability of this vital resource for future generations. It is imperative that we prioritize the conservation and responsible management of fresh water to mitigate the impacts of water scarcity.

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