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Governments need to build more roads in metropolitan cities


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Some say that due to heavy traffic governments need to build more roads in metropolitan cities, while others argue this isn’t the right solution. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In today’s modern world, the issue of heavy traffic in metropolitan cities has become a major concern for both the government and the public. While some people believe that the solution lies in building more roads, others argue that this is not the right approach. In my opinion, I believe that simply constructing more roads is not the ultimate solution to the problem of heavy traffic in metropolitan cities.

First and foremost, building more roads may provide a temporary relief to the issue of heavy traffic, but in the long run, it may not be sustainable. As more roads are built, it often leads to an increase in the number of vehicles on the road, which ultimately leads to congestion once again. This is known as induced demand, where the supply of roads leads to an increase in demand for driving. Therefore, simply building more roads may not effectively address the root cause of heavy traffic in metropolitan cities.

Furthermore, constructing more roads also comes with its own set of drawbacks. It often leads to the destruction of natural habitats and green spaces, which are essential for maintaining a healthy environment. Additionally, the construction of roads may also result in increased air and noise pollution, further deteriorating the quality of life for city dwellers.

Instead of solely focusing on building more roads, I believe that a more holistic approach is needed to tackle the issue of heavy traffic in metropolitan cities. This could include investing in public transportation systems, promoting cycling and walking, implementing congestion pricing, and encouraging carpooling. By diversifying the transportation options available to the public, it can help reduce the reliance on private vehicles and alleviate the strain on existing road infrastructure.

In conclusion, while building more roads may seem like a quick fix to heavy traffic in metropolitan cities, it is not the most effective or sustainable solution. A more comprehensive approach that focuses on reducing the demand for driving and promoting alternative modes of transportation is crucial in addressing the issue of heavy traffic in metropolitan cities.

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