WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.
Write about the following topic:
In cities and towns all over the world, the high volume of traffic is a problem. What are the causes of this and what actions can be taken to solve this problem?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
In cities and towns around the globe, the issue of high traffic volume is a pressing concern that affects the daily lives of millions of people. There are several causes of this problem, including population growth, urbanization, and the increasing number of vehicles on the roads. However, there are also actions that can be taken to alleviate this issue and create a more efficient and sustainable transportation system.
One of the main causes of high traffic volume is the rapid growth of urban populations. As more and more people move to cities in search of better job opportunities and improved living standards, the demand for transportation increases significantly. This leads to congestion on roads and highways, particularly during peak hours. Additionally, the rise of urbanization has led to the expansion of cities, resulting in longer commuting distances for many people.
Another contributing factor to high traffic volume is the increasing number of vehicles on the roads. With rising incomes and improved access to credit, more people are able to afford cars, leading to a surge in the number of vehicles on the roads. This not only exacerbates congestion but also contributes to air pollution and environmental degradation.
To address this issue, several actions can be taken. Firstly, investing in public transportation infrastructure is crucial. By improving and expanding public transportation systems, more people can be encouraged to use buses, trains, and subways, reducing the number of private vehicles on the roads. Additionally, implementing policies such as congestion pricing and carpooling incentives can help reduce traffic congestion and encourage more sustainable transportation choices.
Furthermore, promoting alternative modes of transportation, such as cycling and walking, can also help alleviate traffic congestion. By creating more pedestrian-friendly infrastructure and implementing bike-sharing programs, cities can reduce the reliance on cars and provide healthier and more environmentally friendly transportation options.
In conclusion, the high volume of traffic in cities and towns around the world is a complex issue with multiple causes. However, by investing in public transportation infrastructure, promoting alternative modes of transportation, and implementing policies to reduce congestion, this problem can be effectively addressed, leading to a more sustainable and efficient transportation system for the future.