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In today’s world people are living longer than the past


WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

In today’s world, people are living longer than the past. What could be possible reasons for this? Many people think that this trend is negative for society. Do you agree or disagree with this?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Sample Answer:

In today’s fast-paced world, advancements in technology, medicine, and overall living conditions have contributed to people living longer than in the past. There are several possible reasons for this trend. Firstly, medical breakthroughs and improved healthcare systems have significantly reduced mortality rates for various diseases and ailments. Additionally, there is a greater emphasis on healthy living, with more people engaging in regular exercise and consuming balanced diets. Moreover, there have been improvements in sanitation and access to clean water, which has also played a pivotal role in increasing life expectancy.

As for whether this trend is negative for society, I respectfully disagree. The increasing life expectancy is a testament to the progress and development that society has achieved. Longer lifespans mean that individuals have more time to contribute to their communities, engage in meaningful work, and spend quality time with their loved ones. It also allows for the transfer of knowledge and wisdom from older generations to younger ones, fostering a sense of continuity and stability within society.

Furthermore, longer lifespans can also have positive economic implications. With more individuals able to work and contribute to the economy for a longer period, there is the potential for increased productivity and innovation. Additionally, older individuals often have more disposable income, which can stimulate consumer spending and drive economic growth.

It is important to acknowledge that an aging population does present certain challenges, such as increased strain on healthcare and pension systems. However, these challenges can be addressed through proactive policy measures and societal adaptations. For instance, governments can invest in healthcare infrastructure and promote healthy aging initiatives. Employers can also implement flexible work arrangements to accommodate older workers.

In conclusion, the trend of people living longer in today’s world is a reflection of the progress and advancements that society has made. Rather than being viewed as negative, longer lifespans offer numerous benefits for individuals and society as a whole. With the right approach and support systems in place, an aging population can be a source of strength and resilience.


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