WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.
Write about the following topic:
There is a good deal of evidence that increasing car use is contributing to global warming and having other undesirable effects on people’s health and well-being. What can be done to discourage people from using their cars?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
In recent years, the increase in car use has become a major concern due to its contribution to global warming and its negative impact on people’s health and well-being. In order to discourage people from using their cars, several measures can be implemented.
First and foremost, governments can play a crucial role in discouraging car use by investing in public transportation infrastructure. By improving the quality and accessibility of public transportation, people will be more inclined to use it instead of their cars. This can be achieved through the expansion of bus and train networks, as well as the implementation of affordable and efficient public transportation systems.
Furthermore, policies such as congestion charges and tolls can be introduced to discourage car use in urban areas. By imposing a fee on drivers who enter city centers, it can incentivize them to use alternative modes of transportation or carpooling. Additionally, the revenue generated from these charges can be reinvested into sustainable transportation initiatives.
In addition to government intervention, individuals can also be encouraged to reduce their car use through education and awareness campaigns. By highlighting the environmental and health consequences of excessive car use, people may be more inclined to consider alternative modes of transportation such as walking, cycling, or carpooling. Moreover, incentives such as tax breaks or subsidies for purchasing electric or hybrid vehicles can also motivate people to make more sustainable transportation choices.
It is also important to consider the role of urban planning in discouraging car use. By creating pedestrian-friendly cities with well-connected cycling paths and walkable neighborhoods, people will be more inclined to use alternative modes of transportation instead of relying on their cars.
In conclusion, there are several measures that can be taken to discourage people from using their cars, including investing in public transportation, implementing policies and incentives, and promoting sustainable urban planning. By taking a multifaceted approach, it is possible to reduce car use and mitigate its negative impact on the environment and public health.