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International air travel has a negative impact upon the environment


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

International air travel has a negative impact upon the environment and should therefore be restricted. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

International air travel has undoubtedly had a significant impact on the environment, particularly in terms of carbon emissions and air pollution. However, the issue of whether it should be restricted is a complex and contentious one. In this essay, I will argue that while international air travel does have negative environmental consequences, it is not feasible or desirable to restrict it entirely.

On the one hand, it is clear that international air travel contributes to greenhouse gas emissions and climate change. According to the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the aviation industry is responsible for around 2% of global carbon emissions. Furthermore, aircraft emit other pollutants such as nitrogen oxides and particulate matter, which can have harmful effects on local air quality and public health. It is undeniable that these environmental impacts are significant and cannot be ignored.

However, it is important to consider the broader social and economic benefits of international air travel. Air transport plays a crucial role in facilitating global trade, tourism, and cultural exchange. It connects people and businesses across the world, enabling economic growth and development. Furthermore, for many people, air travel is the only feasible means of reaching distant destinations in a reasonable amount of time. Restricting international air travel would have far-reaching consequences for global connectivity and mobility.

Instead of outright restrictions, a more balanced approach would be to focus on mitigating the environmental impact of air travel. This could involve investing in more fuel-efficient aircraft, developing sustainable aviation fuels, and implementing carbon offsetting schemes. Additionally, governments and international organizations could work together to regulate and reduce the environmental impact of the aviation industry.

In conclusion, while international air travel does have negative environmental consequences, I do not believe that it should be restricted. Instead, efforts should be focused on finding ways to make air travel more sustainable and environmentally friendly. By striking a balance between the benefits of air travel and its environmental impact, we can ensure that future generations can continue to enjoy the benefits of global connectivity without compromising the health of the planet.

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