WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.
Write about the following topic:
International tourism has brought enormous benefit to many places. At the same time, there is concern about its impact on local inhabitants and the environment. Do the disadvantages of international tourism outweigh the advantages?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
In recent years, international tourism has become a significant source of income for many countries, providing employment opportunities and boosting the local economy. However, this influx of tourists has also raised concerns about its negative impact on the environment and the well-being of local communities. In this essay, I will discuss both the advantages and disadvantages of international tourism and argue that while there are certainly drawbacks, the benefits far outweigh them.
One of the most significant advantages of international tourism is the economic boost it provides to the host country. Tourists spend money on accommodation, food, transportation, and souvenirs, which in turn creates jobs and stimulates the local economy. Additionally, the exposure to different cultures and traditions can foster a greater understanding and appreciation for diversity, promoting peace and mutual respect among nations.
On the other hand, the rapid growth of tourism can have detrimental effects on the environment. The construction of hotels and resorts often leads to deforestation and habitat destruction, while the increase in air and noise pollution can harm local ecosystems and wildlife. Moreover, the influx of tourists can strain local resources such as water and energy, leading to environmental degradation and scarcity.
Furthermore, the cultural and social impact of international tourism cannot be overlooked. The influx of tourists can lead to the commercialization and commodification of local traditions and customs, eroding their authenticity and significance. Additionally, the rise in tourism can lead to social issues such as overcrowding, increased crime, and higher living costs for local residents.
Despite these drawbacks, I believe that the benefits of international tourism outweigh the disadvantages. With proper planning and management, the negative impacts on the environment and local communities can be mitigated. Governments and tourism authorities can implement sustainable practices, such as eco-friendly infrastructure and responsible tourism guidelines, to ensure that the benefits of tourism are maximized while minimizing its negative effects.
In conclusion, while international tourism does have its drawbacks, such as environmental degradation and cultural commodification, the economic and social benefits it brings to host countries cannot be ignored. By implementing sustainable practices and responsible tourism management, the disadvantages of international tourism can be effectively addressed, allowing for a more balanced and mutually beneficial relationship between tourists and host communities.