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Larger proportions of people live and work in other countries


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Larger proportions of people live and work in other countries today than at any time in the past. It is probable that in the future there will be no borders and people will be able to move freely between countries. To what extent do you agree with this opinion?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In today’s globalized world, the movement of people across borders has become increasingly common. This trend has led to a significant number of individuals living and working in countries other than their own. While some argue that this will eventually lead to a borderless world where people can move freely between countries, I believe that this scenario is unlikely to fully materialize.

On the one hand, it is undeniable that the ease of travel and the interconnectedness of the global economy have made it easier for individuals to relocate to other countries for work or personal reasons. This has resulted in a larger proportion of the population living and working abroad than ever before. Additionally, the rise of digital nomadism and remote work opportunities has further facilitated the mobility of people across borders. As a result, it is understandable why some may envision a future without borders, where individuals are free to move between countries without restrictions.

However, the notion of a borderless world is overly optimistic and fails to account for the complexities of international relations and the inherent need for countries to maintain sovereignty and security. While globalization has undoubtedly brought the world closer together, it has also given rise to issues such as immigration, national security, and cultural integration. These factors make it unlikely that countries will completely abolish their borders and allow unrestricted movement of people.

Furthermore, the recent rise of nationalist and protectionist sentiments in many parts of the world indicates a trend towards stricter border controls rather than their dissolution. Governments are increasingly focused on protecting their borders and controlling the flow of people and goods in response to security concerns and economic pressures. This suggests that the idea of a borderless world is not in line with the current political and social realities.

In conclusion, while the movement of people across borders is a defining feature of the modern era, the idea of a future without borders is not realistic. The complexities of international relations, national security concerns, and the resurgence of nationalist ideologies make it unlikely that countries will completely open their borders. Therefore, while the movement of people between countries may continue to increase, the concept of a borderless world remains a distant and improbable prospect.

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