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Major cities continue to grow at a phenomenal rate


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Most major cities around the world continue to grow at a phenomenal rate due to the massive increase in population. This has led to a general decline in the quality of life in city areas as the environment becomes more crowded and polluted. Give some reasons why this growth has occurred and suggest some practical solutions to this problem.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

The rapid growth of major cities around the world can be attributed to a variety of factors. Firstly, urban areas often offer better employment opportunities and higher standards of living, which attract people from rural areas in search of a better life. Additionally, advancements in technology and transportation have made it easier for people to migrate to cities in search of better opportunities. Furthermore, natural population growth and immigration also contribute to the increasing population in urban areas.

However, this rapid urbanization has led to a decline in the quality of life in city areas. The environment has become more crowded and polluted, leading to increased traffic congestion, air and noise pollution, and a lack of green spaces. As a result, residents are facing health issues and a decreased overall well-being.

To address this issue, several practical solutions can be implemented. Firstly, city planners should focus on creating sustainable urban development plans that prioritize green spaces, public transportation, and affordable housing. This can help reduce the strain on the environment and improve the overall quality of life for residents.

Additionally, governments can implement policies to encourage businesses to decentralize and establish operations in smaller cities and rural areas. This can help distribute the population more evenly and reduce the burden on major cities. Furthermore, investing in renewable energy sources and promoting eco-friendly practices can help reduce pollution and create a more sustainable urban environment.

Moreover, promoting community engagement and participation in decision-making processes can help create a sense of ownership and responsibility among residents, leading to better upkeep of public spaces and infrastructure.

In conclusion, while the rapid growth of major cities has led to a decline in the quality of life, practical solutions such as sustainable urban development, decentralization, and community engagement can help address this issue. By implementing these measures, cities can accommodate their growing populations while maintaining a high quality of life for their residents.

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