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Many people work long hours, leaving little time for leisure


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Some people think that intelligence is innate while others believe that we can improve our intelligence through learning. Discuss both these views and give your opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

There is a longstanding debate about whether intelligence is something we are born with or something that can be developed through learning and experience. While some people believe that intelligence is innate and fixed, others argue that it can be improved with effort and education. In this essay, I will discuss both views and provide my opinion on the matter.

Those who believe that intelligence is innate argue that it is largely determined by genetics and hereditary factors. They argue that some people are born with a higher level of intelligence and cognitive abilities, and that these traits remain relatively stable throughout their lives. According to this view, no amount of learning or education can significantly change a person’s level of intelligence.

On the other hand, proponents of the idea that intelligence can be improved through learning argue that the brain is a highly adaptable organ that can be shaped and developed through experience and education. They believe that through continuous learning, practice, and exposure to new ideas and challenges, individuals can enhance their cognitive abilities and increase their level of intelligence.

In my opinion, while genetics may play a role in determining a person’s baseline level of intelligence, it is clear that intelligence can be developed and improved through learning and experience. Research in the field of neuroscience has shown that the brain is capable of forming new neural connections and adapting to new information and experiences, a phenomenon known as neuroplasticity. This suggests that intelligence is not fixed and can be enhanced through continuous learning and mental stimulation.

Furthermore, the concept of a growth mindset, popularized by psychologist Carol Dweck, emphasizes the belief that intelligence and abilities are not fixed traits, but can be developed through dedication and hard work. This view encourages individuals to embrace challenges, persist in the face of setbacks, and see effort as a path to mastery.

In conclusion, while some people may believe that intelligence is innate and fixed, I am of the opinion that intelligence can be improved through learning and experience. The human brain has a remarkable capacity for growth and adaptation, and with the right mindset and dedication, individuals can enhance their cognitive abilities and reach their full potential.

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