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News stories on TV and in newspapers are very often accompanied by pictures


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

In spite of the advances made in agriculture, many people around the world still go hungry. Why is this the case? What can be done about this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

Despite the significant progress that has been made in the field of agriculture, it is disheartening to acknowledge that a large number of people around the world continue to suffer from hunger. This is a complex issue that is influenced by a multitude of factors, and addressing it requires a comprehensive approach.

One of the primary reasons for persistent hunger is the unequal distribution of food resources. In many parts of the world, food production is more than sufficient to feed the population, yet due to various social, economic, and political reasons, a significant portion of the food goes to waste or is not accessible to those in need. Additionally, poverty plays a major role in perpetuating hunger, as many individuals simply cannot afford to purchase an adequate amount of nutritious food.

Furthermore, environmental factors such as climate change and natural disasters can have a devastating impact on agricultural productivity, leading to food shortages in vulnerable regions. Inadequate infrastructure and lack of access to modern farming techniques also contribute to the problem, particularly in developing countries.

To address this pressing issue, a multi-faceted approach is necessary. Firstly, efforts should be made to improve the distribution of food resources and reduce food waste. This can be achieved through better infrastructure, efficient supply chains, and policies that promote equitable access to food. Additionally, initiatives aimed at poverty alleviation and improving economic opportunities for disadvantaged communities are crucial in addressing the root causes of hunger.

Investing in sustainable agricultural practices, providing farmers with access to modern technology and training, and promoting environmental conservation can help mitigate the impact of environmental factors on food production. Furthermore, international cooperation and support for developing countries are essential in building resilience against food insecurity.

In conclusion, while the persistence of hunger in a world of plenty is a complex and deeply entrenched issue, it is not insurmountable. By addressing the underlying causes of food insecurity and implementing comprehensive strategies that encompass social, economic, and environmental dimensions, we can work towards a future where no one has to go hungry. This requires a collective effort and a commitment to prioritizing the well-being of all individuals, regardless of their socio-economic status or geographical location.

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