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Nowadays many people choose to be self-employed


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

In some places, money earned from tourism has become an important part of the economy. What are the advantages and disadvantages of relying on tourism as a major source of revenue?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

Tourism has become a significant contributor to the economy in many regions, providing both advantages and disadvantages as a major source of revenue. In this essay, we will explore the various aspects of relying on tourism for economic growth.

One of the primary advantages of tourism as a major source of revenue is the creation of jobs. The tourism industry provides employment opportunities for local residents, ranging from hotel staff and tour guides to restaurant workers and artisans. This can help to reduce unemployment rates and improve the standard of living in the community.

Additionally, tourism can lead to infrastructure development and improvements in local services. In order to attract and accommodate tourists, governments and businesses may invest in the construction of new roads, airports, hotels, and recreational facilities. These developments can benefit both tourists and local residents by enhancing the overall quality of life in the area.

Furthermore, tourism can promote cultural exchange and understanding. Visitors from different parts of the world bring with them unique perspectives and traditions, which can enrich the local culture and foster a sense of global interconnectedness. This can lead to increased tolerance and appreciation for diversity within the community.

However, there are also disadvantages to relying heavily on tourism as a major source of revenue. One of the most significant drawbacks is the potential for environmental degradation. Increased tourism can lead to greater pollution, habitat destruction, and strain on natural resources, particularly in ecologically sensitive areas.

Moreover, the economy of a region that heavily relies on tourism can be vulnerable to fluctuations in the global market and external factors such as natural disasters or political instability. This can lead to economic instability and hardship for local residents who depend on tourism for their livelihoods.

In conclusion, while tourism can bring about numerous benefits such as job creation, infrastructure development, and cultural exchange, it also poses challenges such as environmental degradation and economic vulnerability. Therefore, it is essential for governments and businesses to carefully manage and diversify their sources of revenue in order to ensure sustainable and balanced economic growth.

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