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Nowadays traffic is a serious problem in big cities


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Nowadays, traffic is a serious problem in big cities. Why this is so and what effects does it bring?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In today’s fast-paced world, traffic congestion has become a major issue in big cities around the globe. There are several factors contributing to this problem, and the effects it brings are far-reaching and detrimental to both individuals and society as a whole.

One of the main reasons for the increase in traffic congestion is the rapid urbanization and population growth in big cities. As more and more people move to urban areas in search of better opportunities, the demand for transportation has skyrocketed. This has led to an influx of vehicles on the roads, resulting in gridlock and long commute times.

Furthermore, the lack of efficient public transportation systems in many big cities exacerbates the problem. Inadequate infrastructure and limited access to affordable and reliable public transport options force people to rely on their own vehicles, adding to the already congested roads.

The effects of traffic congestion are multifaceted and have wide-ranging implications. Firstly, it leads to increased air pollution and environmental degradation. The constant idling of vehicles in traffic jams releases harmful emissions into the atmosphere, contributing to poor air quality and health issues for residents.

Moreover, traffic congestion has a negative impact on the economy. Delays in transportation and increased fuel consumption result in economic losses for businesses and individuals. Productivity is hampered, and valuable time and resources are wasted sitting in traffic, leading to frustration and decreased overall well-being.

Additionally, traffic congestion poses significant safety risks for both drivers and pedestrians. The likelihood of accidents and collisions increases in congested areas, posing a threat to public safety and causing injuries and fatalities.

In conclusion, traffic congestion is a pressing issue in big cities, and its effects are far-reaching. Addressing this problem requires a multi-faceted approach, including investment in public transportation, urban planning, and the promotion of alternative modes of transport. By implementing sustainable solutions, we can alleviate the negative impacts of traffic congestion and create more liveable and sustainable cities for future generations.

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