WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.
Write about the following topic:
More and more people are moving away from an agricultural background to relocate to cities in order to look for work. What will be the consequences of this? What solutions can you offer to this problem?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
In recent years, there has been a noticeable trend of people leaving their agricultural roots behind and migrating to urban areas in search of employment opportunities. This shift in population has significant consequences for both rural and urban areas. In this essay, I will discuss the potential effects of this trend and propose some solutions to mitigate its negative impacts.
The mass exodus from rural to urban areas can have several adverse effects on both regions. Firstly, the depletion of the agricultural workforce can lead to a decline in food production, which may result in food shortages and increased prices. Additionally, the influx of people into cities can put a strain on urban infrastructure, leading to overcrowding, increased pollution, and a higher demand for housing and public services. Moreover, the loss of traditional farming practices and knowledge can have long-term cultural and environmental consequences.
To address this issue, several measures can be taken at the governmental and community levels. Firstly, governments can implement policies and incentives to encourage young people to stay in rural areas and pursue careers in agriculture. This can include providing subsidies for agricultural education and training, as well as financial support for small-scale farmers. Additionally, investing in rural infrastructure, such as irrigation systems and transportation networks, can improve the productivity and sustainability of agricultural practices, making rural areas more attractive for young people.
At the community level, initiatives can be undertaken to promote the value of traditional farming practices and the importance of preserving rural livelihoods. This can involve organizing workshops and events to educate young people about the benefits of agriculture and providing mentorship programs for aspiring farmers. Furthermore, creating local markets and cooperatives can help small-scale farmers access larger markets and increase their income, making farming a more viable and attractive career option.
In conclusion, the migration of people from rural to urban areas in search of work can have significant consequences for both regions. However, by implementing policies and initiatives to support rural livelihoods and promote the value of agriculture, the negative impacts of this trend can be mitigated. It is crucial for governments and communities to work together to ensure the sustainability and prosperity of rural areas.