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People today often buy new things instead of fixing


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

People today often buy new things instead of fixing the old things. Discuss the causes and effect of this. What are the causes of this trend? What do they affect on themselves and others?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In today’s consumer-driven society, it is increasingly common for people to opt for purchasing new items rather than repairing existing ones. This trend can be attributed to several factors, and it has significant implications for both individuals and the wider community.

One of the primary causes of this phenomenon is the widespread availability of cheap, mass-produced goods. With the rise of global manufacturing and online retail, consumers are often lured by the convenience and affordability of purchasing new items. In addition, the rapid pace of technological advancements has led to a culture of disposability, where products are quickly deemed obsolete and replaced with newer versions.

Furthermore, the lack of emphasis on practical skills and DIY culture has contributed to the decline of repairing and maintaining old possessions. Many people lack the knowledge and resources to fix broken items, leading them to opt for the easier option of buying new ones. Additionally, planned obsolescence, a strategy employed by manufacturers to deliberately design products with a limited lifespan, further encourages consumers to replace rather than repair.

The effects of this trend are multifaceted. On an individual level, the constant cycle of purchasing new items can lead to financial strain and unnecessary waste. It fosters a culture of overconsumption and contributes to environmental degradation through the increased production of goods and the accumulation of non-biodegradable waste.

Moreover, this trend also has broader societal implications. The decline of repair and maintenance skills perpetuates a culture of dependency on consumerism and contributes to the depletion of resources. It also perpetuates a throwaway mentality, which has detrimental effects on the environment and exacerbates issues such as pollution and resource depletion.

In conclusion, the growing preference for buying new items over repairing old ones is driven by a combination of factors, including the availability of cheap goods, technological advancements, and a lack of practical skills. This trend has far-reaching consequences, impacting individuals’ finances and contributing to environmental degradation. It is crucial for society to reevaluate its consumption patterns and prioritize sustainability and resourcefulness.

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