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Technology is being used to monitor what people are saying and doing


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Nowadays technology is increasingly being used to monitor what people are saying and doing (for example, through cell phone tracking and security cameras). In many cases, the people being monitored are unaware that this is happening. Do you think the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In today’s digital age, the use of technology to monitor individuals’ activities and conversations has become increasingly prevalent. While this practice undoubtedly has its advantages in terms of security and crime prevention, it also raises significant concerns about privacy and personal freedom. In my opinion, the disadvantages of this development far outweigh the benefits.

On the one hand, the ability to track individuals through their cell phones and monitor public spaces with security cameras can be instrumental in preventing and solving crimes. Law enforcement agencies can use this technology to identify and apprehend suspects, as well as to gather evidence to support criminal investigations. Additionally, the use of surveillance technology can help to deter criminal activity in public spaces, making communities safer for residents and visitors alike.

However, the widespread use of surveillance technology also poses a threat to individual privacy and civil liberties. Many people are unaware that their movements and conversations are being monitored, leading to a sense of unease and distrust. Furthermore, the potential for abuse of this technology by governments and other powerful entities is a cause for concern. Without proper oversight and regulation, the data collected through surveillance technology could be misused to target individuals based on their beliefs, affiliations, or personal characteristics.

Moreover, the constant surveillance of individuals can have a chilling effect on free speech and expression. When people are aware that their conversations and actions are being monitored, they may censor themselves and refrain from expressing dissenting opinions or engaging in activities that could be deemed controversial. This has the potential to stifle creativity, innovation, and the free exchange of ideas in society.

In conclusion, while the use of technology for monitoring individuals may have some benefits in terms of security and crime prevention, the potential for abuse and the infringement on personal privacy and freedom far outweigh these advantages. It is essential that measures are put in place to ensure that surveillance technology is used responsibly and in a manner that respects individuals’ rights and liberties.

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