WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.
Write about the following topic:
The cost of international travel is decreasing, and so the trend of international tourism is increasing in many countries. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the rising trend of tourism for countries?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
The rising trend of international tourism brings both advantages and disadvantages for countries. On the one hand, it can stimulate economic growth, create job opportunities, and promote cultural exchange. On the other hand, it can lead to environmental degradation, cultural dilution, and social issues.
One of the main advantages of the increasing trend of tourism is the boost it provides to the economy. Tourists spend money on accommodation, food, transportation, and souvenirs, which in turn generates income for local businesses and the government through taxes. This influx of tourist dollars can help to improve infrastructure and public services, benefiting the local community as a whole. Additionally, the tourism industry creates job opportunities in various sectors such as hospitality, transportation, and entertainment, reducing unemployment rates and improving living standards.
Furthermore, international tourism promotes cultural exchange and understanding between countries. Visitors have the opportunity to experience different traditions, languages, and lifestyles, which can lead to greater tolerance and appreciation of diversity. This cultural exchange can also help to preserve and promote local traditions and heritage, as communities strive to showcase their unique identity to the world.
However, the increasing trend of tourism also brings with it several disadvantages. One of the most significant concerns is the environmental impact of mass tourism. Popular tourist destinations often suffer from pollution, deforestation, and habitat destruction due to the influx of visitors and the development of tourist infrastructure. Additionally, the consumption of resources such as water and energy increases significantly, putting a strain on local ecosystems.
Moreover, the influx of tourists can lead to the dilution of local culture and traditions. As destinations become more commercialized and cater to the preferences of international visitors, the authenticity of the local culture may be compromised. This can lead to a loss of identity and a sense of disconnection for the local community.
In conclusion, while the rising trend of international tourism can bring economic benefits and promote cultural exchange, it also poses significant challenges for countries in terms of environmental sustainability and cultural preservation. It is important for governments and local communities to carefully manage and regulate tourism to ensure that the benefits outweigh the drawbacks.