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The crime rate is often higher in urban areas than in rural areas


WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

The crime rate, in most countries, is often higher in urban areas than in rural areas.

Why do you think that is?

What can be done to reduce the crime rate in urban areas?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Sample Answer:

In most countries, the crime rate tends to be higher in urban areas compared to rural areas for a variety of reasons. Firstly, urban areas often have higher population densities, which can lead to increased competition for resources and opportunities, ultimately resulting in higher levels of crime. Additionally, urban areas tend to have higher levels of poverty and inequality, which are known to be contributing factors to crime. Furthermore, the anonymity that comes with living in a large city can make it easier for individuals to commit crimes without being identified.

To reduce the crime rate in urban areas, several measures can be taken. Firstly, investing in education and job creation programs can help to alleviate poverty and reduce inequality, ultimately addressing some of the root causes of crime. Additionally, increasing the presence of law enforcement in urban areas can act as a deterrent to potential criminals. Community policing initiatives, where law enforcement officers work closely with local residents to address crime and safety concerns, can also be effective in reducing crime rates. Furthermore, addressing the underlying social and economic issues that contribute to crime, such as lack of access to affordable housing and healthcare, can help to create a more equitable and safe urban environment.

In addition to these measures, it is important to address the issue of drug abuse and addiction, which is often linked to higher crime rates in urban areas. Investing in rehabilitation and treatment programs for individuals struggling with substance abuse can help to reduce the incidence of drug-related crimes. Furthermore, creating opportunities for at-risk youth through mentorship programs and recreational activities can help to steer them away from a life of crime.

In conclusion, while the crime rate in urban areas is often higher than in rural areas, there are several measures that can be taken to address this issue. By addressing the root causes of crime, increasing law enforcement presence, and investing in community programs, it is possible to reduce the crime rate in urban areas and create safer and more vibrant communities for all residents.


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