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The world is consuming natural resources faster than they can be renewed


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

The world is consuming natural resources faster than they can be renewed. Therefore, it is important that products are made to last. Governments should discourage people from constantly buying up-to-date or fashionable products. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In today’s world, the rate at which natural resources are being consumed is alarming. It is undeniable that our planet’s resources are finite, and if we continue to use them at the current pace, we may face a severe shortage in the near future. In light of this, I strongly believe that products should be made to last, and governments should take steps to discourage people from constantly buying new and fashionable items.

First and foremost, the concept of creating products that are durable and long-lasting is essential in order to reduce the strain on our planet’s resources. If products are designed to have a longer lifespan, it would result in less frequent replacements, thereby reducing the overall demand for raw materials. This approach would not only be beneficial for the environment, but it would also save consumers money in the long run, as they would not need to constantly replace their belongings.

Furthermore, governments play a crucial role in shaping consumer behavior. By implementing policies that discourage excessive consumption and promote sustainable practices, they can influence people’s purchasing decisions. For example, offering tax incentives for companies that produce durable goods or imposing higher taxes on disposable items could encourage individuals to opt for long-lasting products. Additionally, public awareness campaigns and educational programs could help to shift societal norms towards valuing quality and longevity over trends and fads.

However, it is important to acknowledge that there are potential drawbacks to this approach. Some industries, such as fashion and technology, rely on constant innovation and changing trends to drive their sales. Therefore, implementing policies to discourage frequent purchasing may have economic implications for these sectors. Additionally, consumer behavior is deeply ingrained and changing people’s habits is no easy feat.

In conclusion, while there are challenges to promoting the production and consumption of long-lasting products, I firmly believe that it is crucial for the sustainability of our planet. Governments should take a proactive approach in discouraging excessive consumption and encouraging the production of durable goods. By doing so, we can work towards a more sustainable future for generations to come.

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