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The world is experiencing a dramatic increase in population


WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

The world is experiencing a dramatic increase in population. This is causing problems not only for the poor in undeveloped countries but also for industrialised and developing nations. Describe some of the problems that overpopulation causes, and suggest at least one possible solution.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Sample Answer:

The rapid increase in global population is undoubtedly one of the most pressing issues of our time. This phenomenon is not only affecting the poor in undeveloped countries but is also causing significant problems for industrialised and developing nations. In this essay, I will discuss some of the problems that overpopulation causes and suggest a possible solution to this complex issue.

One of the most significant problems caused by overpopulation is the strain it puts on natural resources. As the population grows, the demand for food, water, and energy increases, leading to overexploitation of the environment and depletion of essential resources. This not only leads to environmental degradation but also exacerbates poverty and food insecurity in many parts of the world.

Moreover, overpopulation also contributes to urban overcrowding, leading to inadequate housing, increased traffic congestion, and strained public services. This results in a decline in the quality of life for many individuals living in densely populated areas. Additionally, overpopulation is also linked to higher unemployment rates and increased competition for limited job opportunities, particularly in developing countries.

One possible solution to the issue of overpopulation is to promote family planning and provide access to reproductive health services. By empowering individuals to make informed choices about family size and spacing of children, we can help to reduce the rate of population growth. This can be achieved through education and awareness campaigns, as well as by providing affordable and accessible contraception and family planning services.

Furthermore, it is crucial for governments to invest in sustainable development and resource management to ensure that the needs of the growing population are met without compromising the environment. This includes promoting renewable energy sources, implementing efficient agricultural practices, and investing in infrastructure to support urban growth.

In conclusion, overpopulation is a complex issue that poses significant challenges for both developed and developing nations. By promoting family planning and sustainable development, we can work towards addressing the problems caused by overpopulation and creating a more sustainable future for all.


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