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There have been many technological developments in the 20th century


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

There have been many technological developments in the 20th century, for example in transport, telecommunications and health.  What technological development do you think has been the most important? How has it changed people’s lives? Have all the changes been positive? Give reasons for your answer.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

The 20th century has undoubtedly been a period of remarkable technological advancements that have revolutionized the way we live, work, and communicate. Among the myriad of developments, I believe that the most important technological innovation has been the internet. The internet has fundamentally changed the way people access information, communicate, and conduct business, leading to significant improvements in various aspects of our lives.

The internet has transformed the way we access and share information. With just a few clicks, people can now access a wealth of knowledge on virtually any topic, from academic research to DIY tutorials. This has greatly democratized access to information, empowering individuals to educate themselves and stay informed about global events. Furthermore, the internet has revolutionized communication, allowing people to connect with friends, family, and colleagues across the globe through email, social media, and video calls. This has greatly reduced the barriers of distance and time, enabling meaningful connections and collaborations regardless of geographical location.

Moreover, the internet has revolutionized commerce, giving rise to e-commerce and online banking. Consumers can now shop for goods and services from the comfort of their homes, and businesses can reach a global audience with their products and services. This has not only increased convenience but has also stimulated economic growth and created new opportunities for entrepreneurs and small businesses.

However, it is important to acknowledge that not all the changes brought about by the internet have been positive. The rise of social media has led to concerns about privacy, mental health, and the spread of misinformation. Additionally, the internet has also facilitated cybercrime and online harassment, posing new challenges for law enforcement and policymakers.

In conclusion, the internet has undoubtedly been the most important technological development of the 20th century, transforming the way we access information, communicate, and conduct business. While it has brought about numerous positive changes, such as increased access to knowledge and global connectivity, it has also presented new challenges that need to be addressed. Overall, the impact of the internet on people’s lives has been profound and far-reaching, shaping the way we live and interact in the modern world.

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