WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.
Write about the following topic:
In many countries, there is a shortage of housing due to a growing population. Some people argue that new towns should be built in the countryside, others argue for the regeneration of cities. What are the advantages and disadvantages of building new towns in the countryside?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
In recent years, the issue of housing shortage has become a pressing concern in many countries, largely due to the rapid growth of the population. While some individuals advocate for the construction of new towns in the countryside as a solution to this problem, others argue for the regeneration of cities. In this essay, we will explore the advantages and disadvantages of building new towns in the countryside.
One of the main advantages of building new towns in the countryside is the availability of space. Unlike cities, rural areas have ample land that can be utilized for the construction of residential areas, thereby providing housing for the growing population. Additionally, building new towns in the countryside can also lead to a reduction in urban congestion and pollution, as people are encouraged to move away from the city centers.
Furthermore, constructing new towns in the countryside can also lead to the creation of new employment opportunities. The development of infrastructure and amenities in these areas can provide jobs for the local population, thereby contributing to economic growth. Additionally, the availability of affordable housing in rural areas can also attract businesses, further stimulating economic activity.
However, there are also several disadvantages to building new towns in the countryside. One of the main concerns is the impact on the environment. The construction of new towns can lead to the destruction of natural habitats and agricultural land, potentially harming the local ecosystem. Moreover, the development of infrastructure in rural areas can also lead to increased traffic and pollution, negating the initial aim of reducing congestion.
In conclusion, while building new towns in the countryside may address the issue of housing shortage, it is important to carefully consider the potential drawbacks. It is essential to strike a balance between urban and rural development, taking into account the environmental impact and the long-term sustainability of such projects. Ultimately, a comprehensive approach that incorporates both the regeneration of cities and the development of new towns in the countryside may be the most effective solution to the housing shortage issue.