WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.
Write about the following topic:
Plastic bags, plastic bottles and plastic packaging are bad for the environment. What damage does plastic do to the environment? What can be done by governments and individuals to solve this problem?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Plastic pollution is a significant and growing problem for our planet. The damage that plastic does to the environment is extensive and far-reaching. Plastic bags, bottles, and packaging take hundreds of years to decompose, and during this time, they release harmful chemicals into the soil and water. This not only contaminates the environment but also poses a serious threat to the health of humans and wildlife.
One of the most visible and immediate impacts of plastic pollution is on marine life. Countless marine animals, such as turtles, birds, and fish, mistake plastic for food and ingest it, leading to internal injuries and often death. Additionally, the presence of plastic in the oceans disrupts marine ecosystems and can have long-term effects on the food chain.
Governments play a crucial role in addressing the issue of plastic pollution. They can implement and enforce strict regulations on the production, use, and disposal of plastic products. This can include imposing taxes on single-use plastics, banning certain plastic items, and promoting the use of biodegradable alternatives. Furthermore, governments can invest in recycling infrastructure and raise public awareness through education campaigns.
Individuals also have a responsibility to contribute to solving the problem of plastic pollution. Simple actions, such as reducing the use of plastic bags and bottles, reusing plastic items, and properly disposing of plastic waste, can make a significant difference. Additionally, consumers can choose to support businesses that prioritize sustainable and eco-friendly packaging.
Furthermore, individuals can participate in community clean-up events and advocate for policies that aim to reduce plastic pollution. By making conscious choices and taking proactive steps to minimize their plastic footprint, individuals can collectively have a positive impact on the environment.
In conclusion, plastic pollution poses a serious threat to the environment and requires immediate action. Governments and individuals must work together to address this issue through the implementation of strict regulations, investment in sustainable alternatives, and changes in consumer behavior. Only through collective efforts can we hope to mitigate the damage caused by plastic pollution and protect the health of our planet for future generations.