WRITING TASK 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.
Write about the following topic:
Tourism is becoming increasingly important as a source of revenue to many countries, but its disadvantages should not be overlooked. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Tourism has undoubtedly become a crucial source of revenue for many countries around the world. While I agree that it brings significant economic benefits, I also believe that its disadvantages should not be ignored.
On the one hand, tourism plays a vital role in boosting a country’s economy. It creates job opportunities for local residents, stimulates the growth of small businesses, and generates income for the government through taxes and fees. In addition, the influx of tourists can help preserve and promote cultural heritage, as well as fund conservation efforts for natural landmarks and historical sites. For many developing countries, tourism is a lifeline that supports their overall development and infrastructure.
However, the rapid growth of tourism also poses several challenges and drawbacks. One of the most pressing issues is the environmental impact. The surge in tourist arrivals can lead to overdevelopment, pollution, and the degradation of natural resources. In addition, the influx of visitors can strain local infrastructure and public services, leading to overcrowding, traffic congestion, and increased cost of living for residents. Moreover, the commodification of culture and heritage to cater to tourists’ demands can lead to the loss of authenticity and traditional ways of life.
In conclusion, while tourism undoubtedly brings economic benefits to many countries, it is essential to acknowledge and address its negative impacts. Governments and local authorities should implement sustainable tourism practices to minimize environmental degradation and preserve the cultural integrity of their destinations. Furthermore, it is crucial to involve local communities in the decision-making process and ensure that they also benefit from tourism development. By doing so, countries can maximize the economic potential of tourism while mitigating its disadvantages.