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Underachieving pupils is to have compulsory after-school activities


WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Doctors recommend that older people exercise regularly. However, many of them do not get enough exercise. What are the reasons for this? What can be done to encourage them to exercise more?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Sample Answer:

As people age, it becomes increasingly important for them to maintain a regular exercise routine in order to stay healthy and active. However, despite the recommendations from medical professionals, many older individuals struggle to get enough exercise. There are several reasons for this, and various strategies can be employed to encourage them to be more physically active.

One of the main reasons why older people may not exercise regularly is due to physical limitations. As individuals age, they may experience a decline in strength, flexibility, and mobility, making it difficult for them to engage in certain types of physical activities. Chronic health conditions such as arthritis, heart disease, or diabetes can also present barriers to exercise. Additionally, fear of injury or falling can lead to a lack of motivation to engage in physical activity.

Furthermore, older individuals may face social and environmental barriers to exercise. They may lack access to safe and suitable exercise facilities or feel uncomfortable exercising in public spaces. Additionally, they may have limited social support or encouragement to be physically active, which can further hinder their motivation to exercise.

To address these barriers and encourage older individuals to exercise more, a multifaceted approach is needed. Firstly, healthcare professionals should work with older patients to develop personalized exercise plans that take into account their individual abilities and limitations. This may involve recommending low-impact activities such as walking, swimming, or tai chi, which can be more easily adapted to accommodate physical limitations.

In addition, community-based programs and resources should be made available to older individuals to provide them with opportunities for safe and accessible exercise. This could include senior fitness classes, walking groups, or home-based exercise programs. Creating a supportive and inclusive environment for physical activity can help older individuals feel more comfortable and motivated to exercise.

Moreover, family members, friends, and caregivers can play a crucial role in encouraging older individuals to be more physically active. They can provide social support, accompany them on walks or other activities, and help them stay accountable to their exercise goals. By fostering a sense of community and encouragement, older individuals are more likely to prioritize regular exercise in their daily lives.

In conclusion, while there are various reasons why older people may struggle to get enough exercise, there are also numerous strategies that can be implemented to encourage them to be more physically active. By addressing physical, social, and environmental barriers and providing personalized support and resources, older individuals can be empowered to prioritize their health and well-being through regular exercise.


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