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Water pollution has become an increasing problem


WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Water pollution has become an increasing problem over the past few decades.

What causes water pollution?

How can we prevent this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Sample Answer:

Water pollution has indeed become a pressing issue in recent years, with various factors contributing to its prevalence. The primary causes of water pollution include industrial waste, agricultural runoff, and improper disposal of household waste. These activities release a multitude of harmful substances into our water bodies, such as chemicals, pesticides, and plastics, which can have detrimental effects on aquatic life and human health.

To address this problem, a multi-faceted approach is necessary. Firstly, stricter regulations and enforcement of environmental laws are essential to hold industries and agricultural practices accountable for their waste management. This can be achieved through regular monitoring and imposing heavy penalties for non-compliance. Additionally, promoting sustainable practices in both industrial and agricultural sectors, such as implementing eco-friendly technologies and reducing the use of harmful chemicals, can significantly reduce the amount of pollutants entering our water systems.

Furthermore, raising public awareness and education on the importance of proper waste disposal is crucial. Communities should be encouraged to participate in clean-up initiatives and recycling programs to minimize the amount of waste ending up in our waterways. Moreover, investing in water treatment facilities and infrastructure upgrades can help to improve the quality of our water sources, ensuring that they are safe for consumption and supporting the preservation of aquatic ecosystems.

In conclusion, water pollution is a complex issue that requires a concerted effort from both governmental authorities and individual citizens. By implementing stringent regulations, promoting sustainable practices, and fostering a sense of environmental responsibility within our communities, we can work towards preventing further degradation of our water systems. It is imperative that we take action now to protect our most precious resource for the well-being of future generations.


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