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What can governments do to help reduce the amount of rubbish produced?


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Nowadays we are producing more and more rubbish. Why do you think this is happening? What can governments do to help reduce the amount of rubbish produced?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In today’s world, the issue of increasing rubbish production has become a major concern for governments and environmentalists alike. There are several factors contributing to this trend, and it is imperative for governments to take proactive measures to address this issue.

One of the primary reasons for the surge in rubbish production is the rapid pace of industrialization and urbanization. With the rise in population and economic development, there has been a significant increase in the consumption of goods and materials, leading to a corresponding increase in waste generation. Additionally, the prevalence of single-use plastic products and packaging has further exacerbated the problem, as these items often end up in landfills or oceans, contributing to environmental pollution.

Furthermore, the lack of effective waste management systems in many countries has also contributed to the escalating rubbish production. Inadequate infrastructure for recycling and waste disposal has resulted in a significant portion of waste being improperly disposed of, leading to environmental degradation and health hazards for communities living in close proximity to landfills.

To address this pressing issue, governments can implement a range of strategies to reduce the amount of rubbish produced. Firstly, they can introduce policies to promote sustainable consumption and production practices. This could involve incentivizing businesses to adopt eco-friendly packaging and manufacturing processes, as well as encouraging consumers to opt for reusable products and reduce their overall consumption.

Secondly, governments can invest in improving waste management infrastructure, such as recycling facilities and composting programs. By providing the necessary resources and support for effective waste segregation and recycling, governments can significantly reduce the amount of waste ending up in landfills and incinerators.

Moreover, implementing strict regulations on the use of single-use plastics and promoting alternatives such as biodegradable materials can also help curb the rising tide of rubbish production.

In conclusion, the increasing amount of rubbish being produced is a complex issue that requires concerted efforts from governments, businesses, and individuals. By implementing policies to promote sustainable practices and investing in waste management infrastructure, governments can play a pivotal role in mitigating the environmental impact of excessive rubbish production. It is imperative for governments to take decisive action to address this issue and pave the way for a more sustainable and environmentally conscious future.

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