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What discovery in the last 100 years has been most beneficial for people


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

What discovery in the last 100 years has been most beneficial for people in your country? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In the last 100 years, the most beneficial discovery for people in my country has been the development of antibiotics. This medical breakthrough has revolutionized healthcare and saved countless lives by effectively treating bacterial infections.

One of the main reasons why antibiotics have been so beneficial is their ability to cure life-threatening diseases. Before the discovery of antibiotics, diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and sepsis were often fatal. However, with the introduction of antibiotics, these once-deadly diseases became manageable and treatable. For example, a study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that the introduction of antibiotics reduced the mortality rate for pneumonia by 98% in the United States. This demonstrates the significant impact antibiotics have had on saving lives and improving public health.

Furthermore, antibiotics have also played a crucial role in preventing the spread of infectious diseases. By effectively treating bacterial infections, antibiotics have helped to control and contain the spread of diseases within communities. For instance, during the flu pandemic of 1918, antibiotics were not available, and the virus spread rapidly, resulting in millions of deaths worldwide. However, in more recent flu outbreaks, antibiotics have been used to treat secondary bacterial infections, preventing further complications and reducing the overall impact of the disease.

Additionally, the development of antibiotics has had a profound impact on medical procedures and surgeries. Antibiotics are routinely used to prevent infections during surgical procedures, reducing the risk of post-operative complications and improving patient outcomes. This has allowed for advancements in medical treatments and procedures, ultimately benefiting the overall health and well-being of the population.

In conclusion, the discovery of antibiotics has been the most beneficial for people in my country in the last 100 years. Their ability to effectively treat bacterial infections, prevent the spread of diseases, and improve medical procedures has had a significant impact on public health and saved countless lives. As such, the development of antibiotics stands as a pivotal advancement in modern medicine and has greatly benefited the people of my country.

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